Modern Machine Shop

AUG 2018

Modern Machine Shop is focused on all aspects of metalworking technology - Providing the new product technologies; process solutions; supplier listings; business management; networking; and event information that companies need to be competitive.

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THE Z AXIS MMS AUGUST 2018 20 Peter Zelinski EDITOR-IN-CHIEF @Z_Axis_MMS Radical Automation staff is needed to deliver a given amount of manufacturing output. For your shop, or for any particular shop, I do not know what the elements will be of the future process that will enable the shop to change its staffing assumptions and requirements. However, I do believe the technol- ogies core to this different approach are already out there to be found. That's why, when I speak of radical automation, I mean the phrase in two ways. One is a radically greater commitment to automation than the team in your facility might have ever imagined seeing. The other is a radically expanded sense of what automation might include. It will proba- bly include robots, for example, and at the same time, robots alone probably are not enough. What else can omit significant labor? Multitasking is potentially automation. Additive manufacturing is automation, too, offering the chance to avoid the labor-intensive step of assembly. A more extensive commitment to CNC machining is also automa- tion if it reduces the reliance on a near-net-shape process such as casting and the transport and lead time that upstream step imposes. And trying to figure out the possibilities of the Industrial Inter- net of Things (IIoT) offers avenues to automation yet to be explored. All this will take time. Much of the work of getting from today's point A to tomorrow's point B will proceed slowly and will seem unproductive because it will consist of gathering important facts, challenging limited thinking and formulating a strategy to realize a new vision for production that is sufficiently big enough to meet the scope of opportunity the shop faces. Thus, the moment to begin is soon, and perhaps the perfect place to begin is this fall's event in Chicago. In your pursuit of radical automation, let the first step be a radical rethinking of your goals for IMTS. What if there will never, ever be enough talent in your local labor pool to meet the still-growing demand for skilled manufacturing employees? The real challenge might lie in our expectations about how much skilled labor we need. Let IMTS 2018 be the beginning of facing this challenge. Think "radical automation." In 2018, I believe these two words capture the aim and the mind-set many shops will need to bring to the International Manufacturing Technology Show (IMTS). The value of the event is found not just in evaluating technology for today's pressing needs, but also in discovering the ideas that will be at the heart of meeting a shop's needs five to eight years from now. And across that window of time, one of those needs is almost certain to be deliv- ering more output using today's staffing level or even fewer skilled employees. Our industry has been talking about the "short- age" of skilled employees with the same urgency for almost 10 years now. We've been talking about it in the same way since the start of the rebound from the Great Reces- sion. And during that time, efforts in this area have shown success— CNC programs in community colleges are now far more popular than they once were. Yet even these gains are not enough to keep up as older employ- ees retire and manufacturing activity continues to advance. We might have to accept that we will never have enough skilled manufacturing employ- ees in the labor pool to keep pace with expanding manufacturing operations founded on processes that continue to assume today's ratio of people to production. It is time instead to change those processes, and it is time to change the ratio. This gets to why I place the word "short- age" in quotation marks, both here and in the paragraph above. The so-called shortage of skilled employees exists only because of today's assumptions and requirements as to how much EXPANDED AUTOMATION How are multitasking, additive and IIoT automation? Find links to more at

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